What is a coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that primarily affect animals, but in some cases can be transmitted to humans. Usually, diseases caused by coronaviruses occur in a mild form, without causing severe symptoms. However, there are also severe forms, such as middle East respiratory syndrome (Mers) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars).
What is the pathway of coronavirus transmission?
Drops that are formed when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It can also spread when someone touches any contaminated surface, such as a door handle. People become infected when they touch their mouth, nose, or eyes with contaminated hands. Initially, the outbreak was caused by animals, presumably the source was the seafood market in Wuhan, where there was an active trade not only in fish, but also in animals such as marmots, snakes and bats.
Main symptoms of coronavirus infection?
- high body temperature
- difficulty breathing
- muscle pain
What is the incubation period of the infection?
The incubation period (from the moment of infection to the appearance of signs of the disease) is from 2 to 14 days, usually 2-7 days.
How do I protect myself from coronavirus infection?
The most important thing you can do to protect yourself is to keep your hands and surfaces clean:
- Keep your hands clean, wash them frequently with soap and water, or use a disinfectant.
- Also, try not to touch your mouth, nose, or eyes with unwashed hands (usually such touches are unknowingly performed by us on average 15 times an hour).
- Carry hand sanitizer with you so that you can clean your hands in any environment.
- Always wash your hands before eating.
- Be especially careful when you are in crowded places, airports, and other public transport systems. Avoid touching surfaces and objects in such places as much as possible, and do not touch your face.
- Carry disposable wipes with you and always cover your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze, and be sure to dispose of them after use.
- Do not eat food (nuts, chips, cookies, and other snacks) from shared packages or dishes if other people have dipped their fingers in them.
- Avoid greeting handshakes and kisses on the cheek until the epidemiological situation stabilizes.
- At work, regularly clean surfaces and devices that you touch (computer keyboards, general-use office equipment panels, smartphone screens, remote controls, door handles, and handrails).
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